This fish is also known as the Napoleon wrasse or Napoleonfish. Humphead wrasses retreat to caves and other sheltered areas in the reef during the night. 2018-10-21 2018-10-21 Alisa Su. They are also known as Maori Wrasse, Napoleon Wrasse, and Napoleon Fish. Giant humphead wrasse Humhead wrasse Napoleon wrasse: French common names Kakatoi vareur Napoléon: Danish common names Napoleonsfisk: References and further reading About references. The humphead wrasse is one of the world’s largest reef fishes. Wrasse, any of nearly 500 species of marine fishes of the family Labridae (order Perciformes).Wrasses range from about 5 cm (2 inches) to 2 metres (6.5 feet) or more in length. Humphead wrasses provide a vital service to coral reefs by eating the crown-of-thorns starfish. In other words, a female that changes into a male. They are endangered because people like their meat and there is a lot of meat in the Humphead Wrasse. Although the humphead wrasse is found over a wide area, it is not a common sight anywhere within its range. Habitat This member of the Labridae family inhabits steep outer reef slops, channel slopes, and lagoon reefs to depths of 330 feet (100 m). Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! Here are just 5 cool facts about the Napoleon wrasse. (15) The Wrasse is listed as an endangered species due to its fast decline in number. Axolotl Facts For Kids: Information, Pictures & Video, Plants Of The Taiga: A List Of Taiga Plants With Pictures & Facts, Nine-Banded Armadillo Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Bighorn Sheep Facts: Discover The Largest Sheep Native To North America, American Alligator Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, American Badger Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. Humphead wrasse facts, pictures and information for kids and adults. The poison is sprayed into the fish’s habitat. Females can live to around 50 years, and males to around 45 years (although in the wild these figures are significantly reduced). Most species are elongated and relatively slender. The Humphead Wrasse’s Main Characteristics. Humphead wrasses are born either as ‘initial phase males’ or females. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. The humphead wrasse resides in the Indo-Pacific region from the Red Sea to South Africa and to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, and south to New Caledonia. The fish is forced to hide in a crevice or hole in the coral and becomes sluggish as the poison takes hold. Humphead Wrasse is endemic to the Indo-Pacific region, from the Red Sea to the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Most species are elongated and relatively slender. It will also crack open sea urchins by striking them repeatedly against a rock. Humphead Maori Wrasse can live for up to 30 years. Dragon wrasse will burrow into the sand to sleep at night and for protection when frightened or harassed. The fish is taken from the sea and put into a tank containing clean water. Pairs form within the group, and mating commences. Wrasse are carnivorous animals that have thick lips with a row of teeth that usually face outwards. Learn Wrasse facts for kids. The humphead wrasse may not be the best-known fish on the reef, and it’s not going to win any beauty contests, but that doesn’t mean that this endangered species doesn’t warrant our attention. The Humphead wrasse is a marine fish that lives on coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region. (1) The Humphead Wrasse is an enormous fish scientifically named Cheilinus undulatus. Animal Facts, Humphead Wrasse, Nature About Humphead Wrasse Humphead Wrasse (also known as the Napoleon Wrasse) is a fish that holds a lot of beauty and has an incredibly important role, they are one of the protectors of coral reefs! (This is one reason why conservation of the humphead wrasse is important). The Humphead Wrasse’s Main Characteristics. (10) The timing of the sex change differs from individual to individual. For coral-reef ecosystems, this fish is also in hot demand. The young ones are caught for exhibiting in the aquariums. (12) The fish is an opportunistic predator. The males, who are larger than the females, can grow to be up to 2 meters and weigh 180 kg/400 lbs. Black Rhino Facts: Discover The Critically Endangered African Rhinoceros. Wrasse inhabits coastal areas, rocky shores, coral reefs, tidal pools and sandy sea floor. Fun Facts. The Humphead Wrasse, also known as the Napoleon wrasse, the Napoleonfish or Maori wrasse, is the largest member of the Labridae family. They are typically small fish, mostly less than 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long, although the largest, the Humphead wrasse, … Here it recovers, ready to be transported and sold. But they don’t form the aggregations very far away. Discover An Endangered Rainforest Monkey. It also will dive into cracks, crevices, and holes in rocks. This fish is also known as the Napoleon wrasse or Napoleonfish. The plight of the humphead wrasse isn’t as well reported as that of other endangered animals, but this large fish is an important part of the reef ecosystem. (14) The Humphead Wrasse is very important for the health of the coral reef. (20) Efforts are on to evaluate the genomes of the species to keep it alive. You can find pictures, facts and information about many other endangered animals here: Become an animal expert! Therefore, having the humphead wrasse around is like having a guardian for an entire ecosystem. These large, unusual echinoderms actually eat coral and damage the reefs. Because the fish takes several years to reach sexual maturity, intensive fishing can have a devastating effect on the population. The fish is caught because it is a delicacy in many countries. The humphead wrasse has been identified by scientists as being an ‘umbrella species’. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. They grow slowly and their life span is about 40 years. Visit our main animals page: You can find out about more endangered animals here. They are typically small fish, mostly less than 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long, although the largest, the Humphead wrasse, can measure up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). Learn more about this fascinating endangered reef fish …. It is among the largest of the reef fishes. It can sell for as much as $100 US dollars per kilogram in some countries. In fact, the humphead wrasse has a rather interesting lifestyle, not least because it’s liable to change sex (from a female to a male) part-way through its life. Australia gave the fish complete protection in 1998, and in 2003 banned the removal of the species for any purpose other than education and public display. Active Wild Pinterest Active Wild Facebook. The humphead wrasse is rated ‘endangered’ by the IUCN. Also known as the humphead wrasse, this behemoth is known for its broad lips, strong teeth, vibrant colors, and the pronounced hump on its forehead. via ollografik The special design of the mouth of the humphead wrasse protractile means it can reach places that at first glance may seem safe for their prey. Hunting Habits/Diet. It is likely that any conservation measures designed to help an umbrella species would also be of benefit to many other species in the ecosystem. The wrasses are a family, the Labridae, of marine fish, many of which are brightly coloured.The family is large and diverse, with over 600 species in 82 genera.. Mating involves males fertilizing eggs that the female has released into the water. The fish is caught because it is a delicacy in many countries. They are typically small fish, mostly less than 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long, although the largest, the Humphead wrasse, … 2004. Sadly, Humphead Wrasse are considered an endangered species, and recreational anglers are prohibited form harvesting them in many areas. They feed on the crown-of-thorn starfish which are reef predators and are destroying the coral reef. Other distinguishing features include extremely big lips and two thin horizontal lines behind its eyes. One species of wrasse however is enormous in comparison, growing to more than 2 meters long. Fun Facts. Bringing balance to … All Rights Reserved. The humphead wrasse is classified as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and is currently listed as a U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service Species of Concern. Most, like the humphead wrasse, are found in tropical and subtropical waters. There are two black lines behind the eyes. Though they are sometimes seen moving in small groups, humpheads are solitary creatures who live primarily on their own. An umbrella species is a species that plays an important part in a local ecosystem. We hope that you have enjoyed finding out about this rare reef fish, and are now thinking of ways in which you can help! We’ll stop supporting this browser soon. Its diet includes several toxic species, such as sea hares, boxfish and the crown-of-thorns starfish – a species that is known to destroy coral reefs. Animal Facts, Humphead Wrasse, Nature About Humphead Wrasse Humphead Wrasse (also known as the Napoleon Wrasse) is a fish that holds a lot of beauty and has an incredibly important role, they are one of the protectors of coral reefs! Listed as an endangered species due to its fast decline in number forced to hide in a variety blue... Dull blue-green and bright shades of Red, brown, or gray, it is estimated that a quarter the! 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